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Reprinted from New Jersey Top Dentists Magazine

Local Periodontist To Display Drawings and Paintings at Morristown Medical Center

MORRISTOWN, N.J. — Dr. David Goteiner, a Chester-based periodontist and artist, will display selected drawings and paintings at a solo art exhibit from Aug. 4 through Sept. 14 at Morristown Medical Center. The exhibit is the latest in a series sponsored by the Women’s Association of Morristown Medical Center.

Goteiner has selected 34 pieces that will be displayed in the main corridor of the Medical Center (Madison 1). Part of the proceeds of the art show will go to the Woman’s Association of Morristown Medical Center.

Two of the pieces are Rendevous and Venezia. Rendevous is a painting of a Norwegian three-masted training schooner plying the North Sea on its way to a meeting with mythical creatures. Venezia is a study in light and shadows on Ria de la Vesta, Canal of the Tailors. It portrays a typical scene from Venice that disappears just as it captures your heart.

Born in Mannheim, Germany, Goteiner came to this country as a baby and developed a love for the arts at an early age. In 1982, he met highly regarded painter Anatoly Ivanov, then a recent immigrant from Russia. From then on, he has pursued his passion to paint and has continued to study with Ivanov.

Not all of Goteiner’s art is on a canvas. He is a practicing periodontist who sees patients in Chester. He received his dental and specialty training at Columbia and Harvard universities. His work restoring teeth and gums is, itself, a form of artistry. He also teaches at the University of Medicine and Dentistry in Newark. He lives in Sunset Lake with his wife, Carrie.

More information about Goteiner’s periodontal practice and samples of his artwork can be found at www.artofperio.com or by calling (908) 879-7709.

Mom's Dental Health Could Affect Baby's Birth

Still... Life

Bacteria in Mouth Linked to Birth Weight, Delivery Timing

By Miranda Hitti
WebMD Medical News

Reviewed By Brunilda Nazario, MD
on Wednesday, March 23, 2005

March 23, 2005 -- Pregnant women have extra incentive to brush, floss, and take good care of their teeth. Those simple steps could help their babies get a better start in life.

Bacteria in the mouth of the mother-to-be could influence the baby's birth weight and delivery date, says a new study. That's important because babies born prematurely and/or at a low birth weight are more vulnerable to health problems, disability, and even death.

The preterm and low birth weight problem was put in sharp, startling detail earlier this year in a CDC report. The CDC found that infant deaths rose in 2002 for the first times since 1958, partly due to more babies being born too small and too soon.

"Birth weight is one of the most important predictors of an infant's survival chances," the CDC reported. The 2002 death rate for preterm infants was 15 times higher than that of full-term babies, according to the CDC.

Rates Rising

Today, most U.S. babies are not born prematurely (before 37 weeks of pregnancy) or at a low birth weight. Medical advances have made it possible to keep tiny babies alive that would almost certainly not have survived in past generations.

But the problem hasn't gone away. Preterm low birth weight is still the second leading cause of infant death in general.

The numbers have increased in America over the last few decades. The preterm delivery rate rose from 10.2% to 11.6% of all live births from 1987-1998. Low birth weight increased for all races from 6.8% to 7.6% from 1980-2000.

Those numbers come from the latest study on oral health, preterm delivery, and low birth weight. The researchers included Ananda Dasanayake of New York University's College of Dentistry.

Which Groups Have the Highest Rates of Preterm Delivery?

"These rates are at least two times higher among African Americans," write Dasanayake and colleagues. In fact, preterm low birth weight is the major cause of infant mortality among African-American infants.

Overseas, even more preterm babies die young. Every year, about 4 million babies die before they're 1 month old. Most are born in poorer countries that often lack sanitation and medical facilities expected in the West. Preterm birth is a leading cause, accounting for an estimated 28% of infant deaths worldwide. That's according to a report published in The Lancet earlier this month.

Oral Health's Role

Certainly, oral health isn't the only reason for preterm delivery or low birth weight. The mother's overall health, resources, and prenatal care are crucial.

Still, bacteria seen in gum disease and cavities may play a role. The mouth is home to hundreds of types of bacteria, some of which are linked to dental problems.

Recently, oral bacteria were studied in about 300 pregnant women in Alabama. Most of the women were black and lived in a low-income area in and around Birmingham. That reduced the influence of racial, social, or economic factors, say Dasanayake and colleagues.

The researchers monitored levels of several types of bacteria while the women were pregnant. They also noted the babies' delivery date and birth weight.

Helpful, Harmful Bacteria

One type of bacteria -- Actinomyces naselundii - was linked to lower birth weight and earlier delivery. Another bacteria -- Lactobacillus casei -- was associated with a slightly higher birth weight and delivery date.

Different kinds of lactobacillus bacteria are found elsewhere in the body. For instance, they help with digestion. Possibly, the lactobacillus bacteria in the women's mouths helped keep the vaginal environment healthy, boosting the chances of a good delivery, says the study.

The researchers aren't sure how that works. Possibly, "oral bacteria and the molecules the body produces against them can enter the uterine environment through the bloodstream and may influence the delivery process," says Dasanayake in a news release.

Harmful oral bacteria have also been linked to greater risk of heart disease. A similar theory -- oral bacteria that flow through the blood to other parts of the body -- has been floated for that problem, too.

That's all the more reason to reach for your toothbrush. Monitoring oral bacteria levels could help reduce poor pregnancy outcomes, the researchers conclude.

Their study appears in the Journal of Periodontology's February issue.

SOURCES: Dasanayake, A. Journal of Periodontology, February 2005; vol 76: pp 171-177. WebMD Medical News: "Why The Infant Death Rate Went Up." WebMD Medical News: "Simple Measures Could Save Millions Of Infants." News release, American Academy of Periodontology. News release, New York University. WebMD Medical News: "Brush Your Teeth, Help Your Heart."


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